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They say ‘Prevention is better than cure’, ’Count your chickens before they hatch’. WHY? Yes, you are righ! To teach us and remind us to be safer and secure in life. But, nothing comes with a tag of 100% guarantee and even if it does, exceptions are always there. One may face obstacles at any point of time. Hence, one should be ready and geared up for the challenges or mishaps that can show up anytime with their draconian figures. A FIRST AID KIT is one such step to ensure safety in ad hoc emergency medical problems. We are taking a step forward to learn the constituents of a basic first aid kit.
The Initial Aid
First Aid, as is hidden in the name, is the very first aid or help provided to a sufferer. It is the elementary knowledge required to prevent worsening of a sudden injury or health problem. For the major issues, it acts as a rapid savior prior to a fully fledged medical treatment. Whereas, for minor issues, the first aid can prove to be a complete solution. Mind you, we are dealing with the lives of people here. One needs to be highly considerate and should imbibe proper knowledge for the same.
The Inside Story
A first aid kit is basically a clean and hygienic container (a box or a pouch) with a plus sign on it. There is a standard set by the International Organization for Standardization. According to this, the sign should be a green background with a white cross. Apart from this, a green cross with white background, a red cross with white background and the star of life sign are also used. Anyway, all the basic components must be a part of the first aid box and a regular check on their quality and expiry dates must be performed.
A well stocked first aid kit must form a part of every home and every traveler’s kit. It demands a cool and dry place. Here we are enlisting the things indispensable for a first aid kit. Scroll below:
- Bandages of typical shapes and sizes
- Plasters of typical shapes and sizes
- Antiseptic solution
- Antiseptic cream
- Sterile gauge dressings
- Band Aids
- Cotton Roll
- Cleansing wipes
- Sterile gloves
- Pain Killers
- Safety Pins
- Lubricants such as petroleum jelly
- Hand sanitizer
- Suction devices
- Plastic bags
- Eye wash
- Eye pads
- Duct tape
- Skin cream for rashes and infections
- Poisoning cure-calamine lotion
- Antacid medicines
- Medicines for diarrhea
- Medicines for constipation
- Ear and nose drops
- Face masks
- Cold and cough tablets
- Haemostatic agents
- First Aid instruction manual
- Although, medicines (edible) form an important part of a first aid kit, for it is advisable not to keep it in the kits at workplaces.
- It is recommended to use waterproof boxes or pouches as a first aid kit
- To store the kit, choose a place that is out of the reach of children
- Make sure that the storage area is not moist and the temperature is apt
- Keep a regular check and update on the expiry dates
- Read the first aid manual carefully or learn to use it properly before using the contents
- A first aid course can also help a great deal
- Immediately replace the contents used.
- Read the names and labels carefully, each time before taking or giving any medicine
- Make sure the doses are given according to the age
- The contents of a first aid kit should be free of any slits or tears
There is nothing in a first aid kit that can be sacrificed or substituted for the other. Each one has its own role to play. For e.g. Calamine is used to treat poisonous stings, moleskin treats blisters. Lighter sanitizes the tweezers whereas haemostatic agents promote blood clotting. Apart from the regular use, some of these have improvised use nowadays.
Hence, next time whenever you are using a first aid kit, swear by the aforementioned details. It is a crucial thing to use the first aid kit as it impacts the human lives directly. Help others, save others.
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